Patients are treated with external or internal radiation therapy. Treatment is based on precise radiological imaging, usually with a CT or MRI scan. Radiation treatment planning is the process in which a team consisting of physicians, physicists, and radiotherapists.
External radiation therapy
Patients usually receive external radiation therapy in daily treatment session over the course of 1 to 8 weeks. One session takes from 10 to 30 minutes. Most patients are treated on an outpatient basis.
in 2012, Kuopio University Hospital introduced robotic stereotactic radiotherapy (see above). Treatment with the CyberKnife device is suitable for some cancer patients with benign and malignant tumours, e.g. prostate cancer, lung cancer, or brain tumour. CyberKnife is treated with improved accuracy and in less time.
A radiation source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment. This treatment is used for e.g. pulmonary, oesophageal, and vaginal cancer.