Urology i.e. genitourinary surgery
We treat urinary tract diseases in men and women as well as genital diseases in men. The most common urological diseases are benign prostatic hyperplasia and urinary and genital cancer, especially prostate cancer.
Most urological patients are treated endoscopically i.e. with keyhole surgery. Benign prostatic hyperplasia, superficial bladder cancer, and urinary stones can be treated with urinary tract endoscopy. These patients can be discharged quickly either on the same day or within 23 hours of the procedure.
Robot-assisted endoscopic surgery
In the spring of 2016, robot-assisted endoscopic surgery was started at the urology department of Kuopio University Hospital. The operation of the department today is extensive, ranging from the most demanding bladder cancer surgeries to prostate and kidney surgery.
Robotic-assisted surgeries were initiated to treat prostate cancer with prostate removal surgeries. The operation has rapidly expanded into kidney cancer surgery, where even quite large cancer growths can be removed, saving as much healthy kidney tissue as possible.
For several years now, demanding bladder removal surgeries have been performed as robot-assisted endoscopic surgeries. Most of these surgeries in Finland have been performed at the urology department of the Kuopio University Hospital.
Endoscopic surgery clearly shortens recovery time and speeds up patient discharge. Because there is no need for major surgical wounds, the number of wound complications — especially tearing of the incision (dehiscence), development of incisional hernias, and infections — has decreased significantly compared to previous open surgeries. After kidney and prostate surgery, patients can usually be discharged on the day following the surgery. With rapid discharge, the risk of possible vascular thrombosis is substantially reduced.
Approximately 100 prostate surgeries and altogether dozens of kidney and bladder surgeries are performed annually at the urology department of the Kuopio University Hospital. The amount of experience, knowledge and competence in our department has increased, raising the quality of care for patients undergoing surgery to a high level.
Our ward is open 24 hours a day, as part of our treatment focuses on the treatment of acutely ill patients. Typically, emergency patients suffer from urinary tract infections or urinary calculi.
The urology inpatient ward operates in shared facilities with the plastic surgery and dermatology inpatient ward. Nurses are well-instructed in the care of patients in all of these specialties. The principles of research-based, good and high-quality care are used in the treatment. The quality and safety of care is monitored on a regular basis.
In addition to nursing, the staff guides and instructs medical and nursing students during the internship included in their studies.